New technology reduces risk of lithium batteries Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

New technology reduces risk of lithium batteries -Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

Despite the rapid development of electric vehicles, concerns remain about the safety of lithium-ion batteries, whose dendrites have multiple branches that can cause electric vehicle batteries to catch fire. According to recent news from the official website of the American Chemical Society publication, South Korean researchers have used semiconductor technology to improve the safety of lithium batteries. A research team from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology led by Dr. Lee Joong-ki from the Energy Storage Research Center has succeeded in suppressing the growth of dendrites by forming a protective semiconductor passivation layer on the surface of a lithium electrode.(Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment)

When a lithium battery is charged, lithium ions are transported to the anode and deposited on the surface in the form of lithium metal, forming a tree-like structure. These lithium dendrites cause uncontrollable volume fluctuations and lead to reactions between the solid electrode and the liquid electrolyte, which can cause fires.

To prevent the formation of dendrites, the team exposed fullerenes, a highly electronically conductive semiconductor material, to the plasma, resulting in the formation of a semiconducting passivating carbonaceous layer between the lithium electrode and the electrolyte. The semiconducting passivation carbonaceous layer allows lithium ions to pass through, while blocking electrons due to the appearance of the Schottky barrier, and preventing electrons and ions from interacting with each other on and inside the electrode, thereby preventing the formation of lithium crystals and the growth of dendrites.

The stability of electrodes with semiconducting passivating carbide layers was tested in extreme electrochemical environments using lithium symmetric cells, where typical lithium electrodes remained stable for up to 20 charge/discharge cycles; while the newly developed electrodes were stable The performance was significantly enhanced, and Li dendrite growth was suppressed up to 1200 charge-discharge cycles. Furthermore, using the lithium cobalt oxide cathode, in addition to the developed electrodes, maintained about 81% of the initial battery capacity after 500 cycles, an improvement of about 60% over conventional lithium electrodes.

Li Zhongji said, "Effectively suppressing dendrite growth on lithium electrodes contributes to improving the safety of batteries. The technology proposed in this study to develop highly safe lithium metal electrodes is a promising tool for the development of next-generation electrodes that do not pose fire risks. Batteries provide the blueprint."

The next goal of the research team is to improve the commercial viability of the technology, "Our goal is to replace fullerenes with cheaper materials, thus making the fabrication of semiconducting passivating carbon layers more cost-effective".



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