Graphite resource development in my country -Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

Graphite resource development in my country -Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

As an extremely important non-metallic mineral, its processed products are not only widely used in traditional industries such as iron and steel industry, but also in emerging industries such as new energy and new materials, and are considered to be an important strategic resource to support the future development of high-tech . The Chinese government attaches great importance to the protection, development and utilization of graphite resources. In November 2016, the National Mineral Resources Plan (2016-2020) approved by the State Council listed 24 minerals including graphite in the strategic mineral catalog for the first time.(Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment)

First, the development status of my country's graphite resources

my country is rich in graphite resources, and crystalline graphite and cryptocrystalline graphite are distributed throughout the country. Now, four crystalline graphite development bases have been formed, including Heilongjiang Luobei, Jixi, Shandong Pingdu, Inner Mongolia Xinghe, and Jilin Panshi and Hunan Lu. Tang et al. two cryptocrystalline graphite bases.

In addition, in recent years, my country has discovered crystalline graphite mines in Panzhihua, Sichuan, Alxa, Inner Mongolia, Bayinnur, Hubei Yichang and other places, and discovered cryptocrystalline graphite mines in Yongan, Fujian. Among them, Sichuan Panzhihua graphite mine is adjacent to Panxi It is a high-tech industrial park that has introduced China National Building Materials Group for development, and is expected to become a new graphite production and processing base in the future.

From 2005 to 2015, the available resources of crystalline graphite in my country remained stable, the reserves and basic reserves did not change much, and the identified resource reserves rose steadily. This reflects that the exploration of crystalline graphite resources in my country in the past ten years has met the development needs of crystalline graphite resources in my country.

From 2005 to 2012, the recoverable resources of cryptocrystalline graphite in my country decreased significantly. After 2012, the recoverable resources of cryptocrystalline graphite in my country tended to be stable. Compared with 2012, the resource reserves, basic reserves and reserves identified in 2014 increased steadily. This reflects that my country's cryptocrystalline graphite has experienced disorderly mining in the past few years, and the resource consumption is very large. However, after 2012, the disordered mining has been effectively curbed, and the demand for cryptocrystalline graphite resource exploration and resource development has become more reasonable.

2. The current situation of utilization of graphite resources in my country

According to the data of the Non-Metallic Mining Association, the average annual consumption of graphite in my country is about 1 million tons (including artificial graphite), and the annual output value of the industry is about 10 billion to 20 billion yuan. Among them, the consumption of crystalline graphite is about 500,000 to 750,000 tons, which is mainly used in the fields of steel, foundry, and refractory materials. From the consumption structure of graphite, we can see that my country's graphite consumption is mainly concentrated in traditional industries, and accounts for less in emerging industries.

In terms of traditional fields: the steel industry, which accounts for the largest proportion of graphite consumption, may be affected by capacity reduction in the future, which may reduce the consumption of graphite in this industry.

Emerging industries: The market for graphite anode battery materials is growing rapidly, and the amount of graphite in the graphene market is too small, which has little impact on the overall consumption of graphite.

3. Problems and optimization approaches in the development and utilization of graphite resources in my country



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