Power lithium battery recycling is difficult -Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

Power lithium battery recycling is difficult -Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment

The rise of electric vehicles is giving birth to another one-hundred-billion-dollar market - power lithium-ion battery recycling.

According to data from MarketsandMarkets, the world's second largest market research and consulting company, the global power lithium-ion battery recycling industry is expected to reach US$12.2 billion in 2025 and US$18.1 billion by 2030. my country is one of the largest power lithium-ion battery recycling markets.(Lithium - Ion Battery Equipment)

According to the analysis of China Merchants Securities Research Report, starting from 2021, my country will usher in the peak period for the first batch of power lithium-ion batteries to be retired.

As the decommissioning tide of power lithium-ion batteries is approaching as scheduled, the fate of power lithium-ion batteries after decommissioning is becoming a problem that cannot be ignored. The number of power lithium-ion batteries decommissioning is very large, and once they are not handled properly, it will cause major harm to the ecological environment.

At present, there are two important recycling methods for retired power lithium-ion batteries. One is to carry out "echelon utilization" of retired power lithium-ion batteries that meet the degree of energy attenuation. Base station backup power or electric bicycles and other fields; the second is to recycle and "recycle" the batteries that cannot be used for "echelon utilization". "Recycling" is mainly to disassemble the battery to extract and recover the precious metal raw materials, such as cobalt and nickel. , manganese, etc.

The ideal mode for the recycling and reuse of power lithium-ion batteries is to "echelon utilization" and then "recycling", but the current method of dismantling and recycling power lithium-ion batteries is still the main method of disposal. There is also a battle between the "regular army" and "small workshop" in the battery recycling arena behind this.

Since 2018, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has announced that 26 companies have entered the "white list" that meets the "standard conditions for the comprehensive utilization of waste power batteries for new energy vehicles". Companies that enter the "white list" are considered "regular".

Data in 2018 showed that the total amount of power lithium-ion batteries retired that year reached 74,000 tons, but the first five "whitelist" companies in the country only recycled about 5,000 tons of power lithium-ion batteries in total, and the remaining 6 More than 10,000 tons of power lithium-ion batteries are "unaccounted for".

Judging from the "white list" companies of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the majority of "echelon utilization" companies are. Due to the high cost and technical threshold, "small workshops" generally do not "echelon utilization" of recycled batteries.

The "regular army" has a lot of investment in technology and environmental protection, while the "small workshop" has almost zero investment in this regard, and can buy batteries at a higher price. The reality is that the "regular army" cannot compete with "small workshops" - a large number of retired power lithium-ion batteries flow into informal channels such as small workshops, bringing security and environmental risks.

In order to establish a sound recycling channel, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also announced in 2018 the Interim Measures for the Management of Recycling and Utilization of Power Batteries for New Energy Vehicles, which clarified that automobile production companies should establish power battery recycling channels to be responsible for recycling the use of new energy vehicles and the waste power that appears after they are scrapped. At the same time, power lithium-ion battery companies should provide support in battery design, production and recycling.

But for some car companies and battery manufacturers, recycling batteries is also a burden. Under the high labor cost and technical cost, some companies with a small recycling volume are "discounted" for recycling, and car companies rely more on "conscience" to recycle batteries.



Contact Us

24 hours online service